BERNSTEIN AND SHOSTAKOVICH

  Shostakovich’s Soviet trauma reveals the reality of Voltaire’s Utopian fantasy.   Leonard BernsteinOverture to Candide During the McCarthy era of the early 1950s, Leonard Bernstein and playwright Lillian Hellman decided to use Voltaire’s satirical novel Candide as a vehicle to make a political statement. According to Hellman, the novel attacks “all

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