FATE AND VICTORY: BEETHOVEN’S FIFTH

The most famous four notes in classical music.   Arvo PärtCantus in Memory of Benjamin Britten Arvo Pärt possesses one of the most distinctive voices in contemporary classical music, the product of eclectic influences from the “official” Soviet aesthetic to Renaissance polyphony. Born near Tallinn, Estonia’s capital, Pärt began his

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BERNSTEIN AND SHOSTAKOVICH

  Shostakovich’s Soviet trauma reveals the reality of Voltaire’s Utopian fantasy.   Leonard BernsteinOverture to Candide During the McCarthy era of the early 1950s, Leonard Bernstein and playwright Lillian Hellman decided to use Voltaire’s satirical novel Candide as a vehicle to make a political statement. According to Hellman, the novel attacks “all

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